Wednesday, April 7, 2010
Mount Kilimanjaro has a lot about Nature, People and Cultural inheritance everyone has to know and enjoy. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park is one of the 14 parks which are under the Custodian of Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA). The Park was Designated and Gazetted in 1973, and has an area of 756 square kilometres.
Kilimanjaro is located just (Location: 3.07 S, 37.35 E) near the equator, in the Tropical Country yet its peak covered by snow throughout the year. Rising abruptly from the open plains, capped by snow and frequently fringed by clouds, it is one of Africa’s classic images.
Kilimanjaro is the majestic Mountain shrouded in mist, mystery and legend. It attracts a large number of climbers, naturalists, and explorers every year, each determined to conquer its majestic heights. Without following designated routes it can be difficult for Climber to reach the summit, many Europeans attempted. Take these vivid examples; finally Rebmann was the first European to have sighted Mt. Kilimanjaro in 1848, and it was not until 1889 when Hans Meyer successfully scaled the summit.
Mountain climbing is exhilarating, beautiful and challenging. As thousands of Tourists climb Mt. Kilimanjaro every year, our guides gains experience, explore and narrate all what is new in Mt. Kilimanjaro geology, Forests, wild animals, weather, and tips on successful climbing to the top.
Mt. Kilimanjaro Formation/Genesis
Kilimanjaro is a giant stratovolcano reaching an elevation of 19,335.6 ft. (5,895 m). Is one of the largest Volcano ever to burst through the earth’s crust.
Africa's tallest mountain, with its white peak, is one of the most instantly recognisable sights in the world. But as this aerial photograph shows, Kilimanjaro's trademark snowy cap, at 5,895 metres (19,340ft), is now all but gone - 15 years before scientists predicted it would melt through global warming.
Kilimanjaro is a dormant, but not extinct Volcano. Ominous rumbles can sometimes be heard and gases emerge from the fume holes in the crater. Although it is just three degrees south of the Equator, the peaks of both Kibo and Mawenzi have permanent caps of Snow and Ice.
Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing
If you have not planned To Visit Tanzania and climb Mount Kilimanjaro, plan it now! You need to witness the Climatic change and its effects. Don’t wait to be told or just read as History from Books. A little more legend about this Highest Volcanic Mountain which is crowned by Snow! Other names for this volcano are: Kilima Dscharo, Oldoinyo Oibor (White Mountain in Masai), and Kilima Njaro meaning shining mountain in Swahili. This volcano's highest and youngest cone is named Kibo. Its outstanding features are its three major volcanic centers, Shira (4269m) in the West, Mawenzi (5280) in the East and the Snow capped Kibo in the centre (5895m). Kibo has not been active in modern times, but steam and sulfur are still emitted. At the top of Kibo's summit is a 1 1/2 mile (2 1/4 Km) wide crater. Kilimanjaro is the largest of an E-W belt of about 20 volcanoes near the southern end of the East African Rift Valley. It’s slopes and glaciers shimmering above the rising clouds and one of the greatest Volcanoes on Earth.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the crown of Open plains, capped by snow and frequently by clouds; it is one of Africa’s classic images. The diameter of its base is an incredible 40 miles. Besides the peaks and Moorland, the peaks consist of Montane forest with relics of old vegetation.
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest Mountain in Africa 5895m/19340 ft. is the only Mountain in the World with the perfect symmetrical crater. Is the highest free standing Mountain in the World?
Is a metaphor for the compelling beauty of East Africa. Kilimanjaro is one of the highest walkable summits on the planet, a beacon for visitors from around the world. As well as “all the World, Great, High and unbelievably white” was Ernest Hemingway’s description in his book ‘the Snows of Kilimanjaro’.
KILIMANJARO NATURE, CULTURE and Ultimately successful Climb
Lowlands and even relatively high sheltered valleys can reach temperatures as high as 30 degree centigrade by day, night time temperatures generally fall below zero and even -20 degree centigrade.
The cloud cover over the rain forest tends to be denser. In Mt.Kilimanjaro National Park must be noted that Kilimanjaro has a typical Montane climate –unpredictable even in the ‘driest ‘season. A bright clear morning on Shira Plateau can turn to rain and Sleet in the Afternoon as the hot air rises from the lowland valleys and gathers moisture from the rainforest.
Get prepared for high altitude sun that can burn the skin severely and for cold nights that demand four season sleeping bags and good thermal clothing.
Kilimanjaro Tribe - Cultural Tour
Today the main African Tribe to inhabit the Kilimanjaro foothill region is the Wachagga People. Most importantly they from the largest tribal group involved in the Operation of Kilimanjaro climbs. Wachagga are adapted so well and so cheerfully to the task of guiding and looking after the “Wageni” as they pour into Tanzanian their thousands to climb the big Mountain. It is clearly narrated in many Literature that the First White Man (European) –Hans Meyer to conquer Mt. Kilimanjaro in the year 1889 was led by Chagga Guide (Mr.YOHANA LAUWO) to the Top 5895m/19340ft.
During their time on the Mountain, climbers pass from a tropical to arctic environment in just a few 5/6/7 days. The climber can use one of these routes to climb the Mountain; These are Marangu (Coca cola), Machame ( Whisky), Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe route/trail. The Classic Tours & Safaris Ltd Professional Mountain Guides will be happy to tell you more details about these routes, at right time. The various trails first pass through lush rainforests before reaching heather and open Moorland where giant lobelia and huge cactus –like groundsel grow.
Above moorland is the almost lunar landscape of an alpine desert which stretches between the two peaks of Kibo, the flat topped dome at the centre, and Mawenzi, a group of jagged points and pinnacles on the eastern side. In hospitable as this “moonscape” may seem, animals such as herds of eland thrive there.
Proceed Climbing after rewarding Narration ……of
The highest point on Kibo and indeed the whole of Kilimanjaro is Uhuru Peak, with its spectacular hanging glaciers and stupendous views of the African plains some 20000 feet below. Also on Kibo is the slightly lower peak of Gillman’s Point. These are the goals for most trekkers. The peaks of Mawenzi are for Mountaineers only. With the Help of Porters and a Guide, it is possible to walk all the way to the summit without specialized Mountaineering equipment-or experience and Kilimanjaro can be conquered by any reasonably fit person. There are several different routes including Marangu (Coca cola route), the easiest climb, and therefore the most popular; Other routes Machame, Rongai, Lemosho/Londorosi Shira, Mweka and Umbwe.
The total climb normally takes five to six days and involves four or five overnight stays in comfortable mountain huts/camping sites. Fees payable in US dollars include park entrance and accommodation for climbers (Tourists). Guides and Porters, food, Camping equipments, food, Transport is organized by the Classic Tours & Safaris Ltd. Climbing gears/equipments like walking sticks, boots e.t.c can be brought by the Climber/tourists or hired from us.
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